As an indication we add the approximate adhesive force in grams or kilograms to the description of our magnets.
This is only a theoretical maximum value, which can only be obtained under ideal conditions.
The actual adhesive force depends on the following factors:
Distance between magnet and adhesive surface
Adhesion diagram of article S-10-05-N
If there is no direct contact between the magnet and the object, the adhesive force decreases quickly with increasing distance.
Even a small gap of half a millimetre could cut the adhesive force in half.
Also, a thin paint cover on the object contributes to a decrease in adhesive force as well.
With our adhesive force tool you can determine the adhesive force at various distances.
The theoretical adhesive force is valid if a vertical force applies, that is, if the object of magnetic attraction is pulled vertically by the magnet.
See our FAQ about shear force
Material of the object of magnetic attraction:
The theoretical adhesive force is valid when the object of magnetic attraction consists of pure soft iron.
This value is reduced by about 5% when it comes to structural steel S235 and approx.
30% with E360.
Surface area of the object of magnetic attraction:
The smoother the surface, the greater the adhesive force.
For rougher surfaces, you should anticipate a considerable reduction in adhesive force.
Thickness of the object of magnetic attraction:
The object should not be too thin or a magnetic saturation will be achieved and part of the magnetic field will remain useless.
Generally, you should never depend on our indications regarding adhesive force, but do your own test first.
By the way: If you need the adhesive force in Newton, multiply our specification in kg with 9,81 (A mass of 1 kg equals a weight of 9,81 Newton).